Yaounde Cameroon Events
CAMEROON - Cameroonian President Paul Biya said in a speech to the nation on December 31 that his country's strong economic growth has done much to reduce the number of terrorist attacks in the English-speaking region, as he said in a message broadcast by local radio and television stations. Cameroon is recovering from the floods that killed dozens of people and displaced thousands in June and July, but it is also working to contain risks in its fast-growing urban centers. Although the Nigeria-based terror group has dramatically reduced its ability to attack on a large scale, it remains active in northern Cameroon, where kidnappings and suicide bombings are widespread, Biyas said. Cameroon is facing several external threats, he said, according to news reports broadcast to local radio and television stations on the eve of his speech.
Cameroon, which has enjoyed several decades of stability, has been struggling for many years with a number of political and economic challenges, as well as the threat of terrorist attacks. Fomunyoh said the ongoing conflict in English-speaking parts of the country, particularly in northern Cameroon, is taking a toll on the country's economy and the security of its citizens.
In October, the US announced that it would withdraw trade privileges from Cameroon, as enshrined in the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA). Cameroon military for human rights violations by its military, "the US announced after reports of the military's use of chemical weapons, torture and other forms of violence.
The French government granted the State of Cameroon independence after the end of its trusteeship. On 12 June 1958, the French Government was asked by the French-Cameroonian Legislative Assembly to declare independence from France and the United States of America in the form of a declaration of independence on 12 June 1958. The governments of France and Cameroon called on France to inform the United Nations General Assembly that it had withdrawn its obligations under the UN Charter for the Protection of Human Rights and Freedom of Speech.
The British North Cameroons joined Nigeria, while the southern part voted for reunification with the Republic of Cameroon. French Cameroon became independent in January 1960 as "Cameroon - Cameroon," and Nigeria planned independence later that year, raising the question of what to do with its territory. The plebiscite was a referendum to choose between two separate republics, one for independence and one for unification with Nigeria. The results of the referendums were published and a vote on independence from Nigeria was expected in early 2006.
On 23 December 1956, parliamentary elections were held and the resulting Assembly adopted a decree on 16 April 1957 making French Cameroon a state. On 24 October 1958, the French-Cameroonian Legislative Assembly solemnly declared its intention to see the Cameroonians of the country achieve full independence on 1 January 1960. On 12 November 1958, the French Government asked the United Nations to comply with the wishes of the French and Cameroonians, who considered that they had full internal autonomy, but that the transfer did not allow them to assume their responsibilities and trust in the territory for an indefinite period.
Buea became the capital of modern-day Western Cameroon, and thus became twice as big as Yaounde, the federal capital in Eastern Cameroon. The French mandate was called Cameroon, and the North Cameroon became the province of Sardauna in northern Nigeria on 1 October 1961, while in later years the South Cameroon became part of southern Nigeria (now the Democratic Republic of Nigeria) and southern Cameroon (later the province of southern-eastern Nigeria, now Nigeria's northern territory) in the years after 1 October 1961. British territory administered by the United Kingdom, known as "West Cameroon" from 1 January 1961 until the end of its independence.
France gained a larger geographical share and ruled the rest of Yaounde than Cameroon (the French Cameroons), but moved New Cameroon back to the neighboring French colonies.
The North Cameroon consisted of two unconnected sections, which were divided along the border between Nigeria and Cameroon. The territory of what is now Cameroon was claimed by Germany as part of German territory in the early 20th century in response to the annexation of the territory by France.
The German colony Cameroon began on 5 July 1884 and became part of the colonial policy of the German Empire in Africa and the Middle East. The imperial German government invested heavily in Cameroon's infrastructure, including the construction of roads, railways, ports, schools, hospitals, and other public facilities.
Lagos-Cameroon and British Cameroon were ruled by a strip of Nigeria bordering the sea and Lake Chad. On 1 October 1961, a referendum was held on whether Nigeria or the Republic of Cameroon should join. In the referendum, the majority of the population in the Cameroonian National Assembly (CNA) and the Cameroonians as a whole voted against Nigeria's accession and for the accession of the republics of Ghana, Ivory Coast, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal to the "Federal Republic" of Africa. Biya won the election as a single candidate in 2012, when the country was again called the "Republic of Angola," and in 2014, when it was named the "Republic" of Cambodia.